How many boating accidents have you had? So you or one of the crew have sustained a nasty bang on the head from the boom, or suffered a fall on deck. Research has shown that the most common accident and injury mechanisms were trips and falls, or being struck by an object and caught in lines. The most common objects causing injuries were booms, sail clews, spinnaker poles and crew crashing into each other. Unsurprisingly gybing and tacking caused about 30% of injuries.
injuries were sustained when sailors were transiting from one side of the boat
to the other during tacks and gybes. Other injury periods were associated with sail changes, winch operation and steering.
It may come as a surprise but 63% of injuries occur within the confines
of the cockpit, and about 25% up on the foredeck. Equipment failure features
heavy in the data, and failures include winches, standing rigging, cleats and
blocks, usually in periods of rough weather. Many accidents are coincidental
with heavy weather. Fatigue related injuries
were usually associated with bad weather, and I like many who have experienced
long and protracted bad weather, with lack of sleep, sustained physical
activity, cold, wet and lack of food know how fatigue can set in.
Injuries are rather varied and more than 50% were sunburn related, even on the cloudy days. I would have thought most sailors were aware of the risk and yet here we are. I used to be careless about being covered up, avoiding the wearing of hats and sunscreens, but not anymore. Second on the list is our old French friend Mal de Mer, the malady of the sea, seasickness. Placed at about 30% of sickness and injuries. I know like most what that feels like, debilitating for many. Whilst I have the occasional bout, I seemed most prone to it when sailing on multihulls with mates. Sea sickness brings with it weakness, impaired cognitive function, and general despondency. Not a great place to be when sailing short or single handed. There have been some horrific tales of people getting so debilitated they take to their bunk and die. Myself, I am one for being up in the fresh air, having the horizon to focus on for my eyes. So many remedies, from consuming ginger to acupressure bands and so on. Dehydration is the next on the list with 7% of injuries) often associated with sea sickness. Finally we have hypothermia at just 2%, usually associated with man overboard immersion episodes.
The major proportion of reported injuries were considered minor and did not require treatment. Only a small number of injuries were considered serious enough to warrant evacuation and hospitalization. On board first aid was carried out in about 24% of cases and 33% sought medical after the injury. Of the 4% of serious injuries, 25% were fractures, 16% were cartilage or tendon tears, 14% were concussion and 8% were dislocations. The majority f serious injuries were to the head, with 25% of the total, knees scored 15%, legs 10% and arm injuries 9%. So that gives you a good indication of where to focus your safety.
At the top of the list of causal factors was heavy weather and high wind events that included planned and unplanned gybes and where someone was struck by the boom, mainsheet or spinnaker pole. In the racing space vessel collisions caused some grief. Catastrophic rig failures were also a source of injury. Another cause was the falling through open companionways (did that once) and hatches and resultant head lacerations and fractures. There were also eye injuries resulting in the permanent loss of vision. Contributing factors behind these severe injuries included inexperience and also failures in communications between crew members. Boating accidents are avoidable and boating safety is in your hands.